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The Unix and Internet Fundamentals HOWTO

Eric Raymond


Revision History
Revision 2.322 May 2001Revised by: esr
Introduction to bus types. Polish translation link.
Revision 2.25 February 2001Revised by: esr
New section on how DNS is organized. Corrected for new location of document. Various copy-edit fixes.
Revision 2.129 November 2000Revised by: esr
Correct explanation of twos-complement numbers. Various copy-edit fixes.
Revision 2.05 August 2000Revised by: esr
First DocBook version. Detailed description of memory hierarchy.
Revision 1.76 March 2000Revised by: esr
Correct and expanded the section on file permissions.
Revision 1.425 September 1999Revised by: esr
Be more precise about what kernel does vs. what init does.
Revision 1.327 June 1999Revised by: esr
The sections `What happens when you log in?' and `File ownership, permissions and security'.
Revision 1.226 December 1998Revised by: esr
The section `How does my computer store things in memory?'.
Revision 1.029 October 1998Revised by: esr
Initial revision.

This document describes the working basics of PC-class computers, Unix-like operating systems, and the Internet in non-technical language.